The goal of the Department of Tobacco Control is to reduce tobacco use - and the disease, premature death and poverty it causes. The most effective way to achieve this is through introduction and implementation of comprehensive tobacco control policies that are proven to tackle both supply and demand. Effective legislation will also change the behaviours and environments conducive to tobacco consumption.
The tobacco epidemic
The tobacco epidemic is having devastating impacts across the globe, with low- and middle-income countries [LMICs] facing a disproportionate burden. Currently 80% of all tobacco-attributed deaths occur in LMICs. Many of these countries are faced with rising affordability of tobacco products as well as an aggressive tobacco industry that targets both consumers and governments.
Rates of tobacco use continue to rise in low- and middle-income countries, while, thanks to progressive tobacco control policies, high-income countries have seen rates drop considerably over the last 20 years.
‘Cigarette consumption in Western Europe dropped by 26% between 1990 and 2009 but increased in the Middle East and Africa by 57% during the same period’
Tobacco Atlas, 4th edition
The Union’s focus
The Department of Tobacco Control works with both governments and civil society across the globe to assist with the development of comprehensive tobacco control laws, and the infrastructure needed to implement them. We offer the technical assistance and capacity-building, based on international best practice, through our team of legal, financial and managerial experts. The department also publishes research and technical resources to support programme development.
Our key policies are defined by the WHO FCTC’s MPOWER package – a range of six practical measures to help countries implement effective tobacco control. Implementation of the highest-level MPOWER policies adopted between 2007 to 2010, is predicted to avert nearly 7.5 million smoking attributed deaths by the year 2050.